Fougère

Fougère. How could an inodorous plant like the fern become the symbol of one of the most appreciated fragrance family?  Geo F. Trumper, a discreet men’s grooming house in London, is supposedly the first to have created an imaginary accord for the fern in 1877. Paul Parquet, one of the greatest perfumer of his time and…

The Fresh

This article is the fourth in our discovery of the fragrance families, according to the classification of Michael Edwards illustrated on the Fragrance Wheel. After the Florals, the Orientals, and the Woods, here come the Fresh. The Fresh fragrance group, as seen by Edwards, is gathering the rather disparate families of the Fruity, the Green, the Aquatic and…

The Woods

This is the third episode in our exploration of the Fragrance Wheel by Michael Edwards, after the Florals and the Orientals. Edwards sub-divided his wheel into 3 Wood families: the Dry Woods also known as the Leathers, the Mossy Woods commonly called Chypres, and simply the Woods. All fragrances of these families share a strong woody base…

The Orientals

The Orientals. This article is second in our exploration of the Fragrance Wheel by Michael Edwards, as introduced to you in my post “The Florals“. The Oriental fragrance Group is divided into three families: soft-oriental, oriental and woody oriental. We will look today at what makes their oriental nature and what distinguishes them from other…

The Florals

From this week onwards, I will introduce the different families of fragrances according to one of the most famous classification in the industry, created by the perfumery expert Michael Edwards: the Fragrance Wheel. 4 basic groups – Floral, Oriental, Fresh and Woody – divided into 14 different families of fragrances are represented on the wheel. Under the spotlight today: the…